There are many things that cause AMD.
We now know that genetics play a significant role. We have
identified over 20 genes now that can lead to the development of advanced
macular degeneration. However, we also know that there are many
lifestyle factors that contribute to the development of advanced disease. Smoking is a great example. Smoking can
almost double your risk of developing advanced macular degeneration. Other lifestyle factors include poor
diet, lack of exercise, and increased body mass index. So I like to tell all my patients that, in general, any lifestyle habit that’s
going to increase your risk for cardiovascular or heart disease is probably
going to increase your risk to develop advanced AMD as well.